Terrorism and world peace

It is a global menace and the world needs to come together to fight against it.

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Be it terror group like AL-Qaeda, Boko Haram, Deccan Mujahedin or individuals inspired by their barbaric ideology, the terrorist threat has never been so high. The phenomenon of foreign terrorist fighters and the massive use of the Internet and social media for recruiting, financing or calling for action has also added a new dimension to the threat.

If we talk of the present times, there are multiple terror outfits like Al-Qaeda, Quetla Shura, Lashkar-e-Taiba operating at global level propagating their ghastly ideologies of terror and killings in the name of religion, cultural and economic differences. The question that needs to be addressed is who are the people involved?

terrorism and world peace

The number of terror attacks is surging day by day. These terrorist groups plan attacks targeting populated cities and crowded areas to cause large scale destruction.

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Most surprising and depressing is the inclusion of young children in these acts of severe cruelty. It is obvious that the problem such terror attacks result into are immense. The large scale loss of lives and infrastructure, the social problems that emerge and the undermining of national interests of developing countries dismantle the very base of peace and development.

Terrorism – A Global Threat (Essay Sample)

Investors shun war zones, traders are wary of markets that might explode at any timetourists do not travel to hotels that might be commandeered by crazed terrorists. These are all serious hazards for a country seeking to grow and flourish in a globalising world economy.

terrorism and world peace

If we look at the legal and political aspect of this menace, we find that there has been tensions among nations regarding this for ages. Be it US and Iran or India and Pakistan, terrorism is the cause as well as effect that leaves no room for cooperation in fight against terrorism. The governments present there are either incapable or are not willing to catch and punish them which serves as another motivating factor for these cruel and uncivilised outfits of terror to flourish and spread their illogical ideas among the general public who get influenced and start volunteering them.

Both the militancy and the response to it by Indian security forces have caused a great loss of life, damaged property and has wrecked the Kashmiri economy which is largely dependent on tourism and sale of handicrafts.

Both the countries have suffered gravely by the casualties of terror wars. The terrorism ideology that blatantly ignores all the ethics and morals is completely a ruthless and inhumane notion that needs to be nipped in the bud. Though it is being supported by governments of various nations, this solution is on the level of general public.

Various national governments try to deal with the problem by having discussions with other nations on how to build peace and security together and collaborating with United Nations peacekeepers wing. Military of nations like US and India also try frequently to pull out the roots of this trouble by attacking the training camps of these terrorists and focusing on strengthening of border security.

United Nations also plays important role.The index provides a comprehensive summary of the key global trends and patterns in terrorism since It is an attempt to systematically rank the nations of the world according to terrorist activity.

The index combines a number of factors associated with terrorist attacks to build an explicit picture of the impact of terrorism, illustrating trends, and providing a data series for analysis by researchers and policymakers. It produces a composite score in order to provide an ordinal ranking of countries on the impact of terrorism. The GTD has codified overcases of terrorism, [1] it covers countries, consisting The aim is to examine trends and to help inform a positive and practical debate about the future of terrorism and the required policy responses.

This means an incident has to meet three criteria in order for it to be counted as a terrorist act:. The GTI score for a country in a given year is based on a unique scoring system to account for the relative impact of incidents in the year.

Pak must stop backing terrorism to foster peace in South Asia: India at UN

There are four factors counted in each country's yearly score:. Each of the factors is weighted differently and a five-year weighted average is applied to importantly reflect the lingering psychological effect of terrorist acts over time.

The greatest weighting is attributed to a fatality. The property damage measure is further disaggregated into four bands depending on the measured scope of the property damage inflicted by one incident. A great majority of incidents are coded in the GTD as an 'unknown' level of property damage, thus scoring nil, with 'catastrophic' events being extremely rare. To assign a relative number to how a country has been directly impacted by terrorism in any given year, for every incident recorded, the GTI calculates a weighted sum of all indicators.

To illustrate, the table below depicts a hypothetical country's score for a given year:. The model includes both the direct and indirect costs, such as the lost life-time earnings, cost of medical treatments and property destruction from incidents of terrorism. The direct costs include those borne by the victim of the terrorist act and associated expenditure, such as medical spending. The indirect costs include lost productivity and earning as well as the psychological trauma to the victims, their families and friends.

The analysis presents conservative estimates of the economic impact of terrorism and does not include variables for which detailed appropriate data was not available. For instance, the analysis does not include the impact on business, the cost of fear from terrorism or the cost of counterterrorism. There have been three peaks in the economic impact of terrorism since the year and they are linked to the three major waves of terrorism.

The first large increase in the economic impact of terrorism happened inwhen the attacks of September 11 in New York City and Washington D. The second peak was in at the height of the Iraq war. The increase is mainly attributed to al-Qa'ida affiliated terrorist groups and coincided with the coalition troop surge in Iraq.

The most recent report was released in November Global Terrorism Index report The fifth and final edition, as of yet, of the Global Terrorism Index was published in November They are not afraid to use any methods, including suicide children bombers and captured weaponry. We think that the lingering threat of ISIS will help us stay aware as a nation and bring us together even more in years to come.

Teens and adults can learn from these destructive events. We need to realize that we are not invincible to the rest of the world. We need to bond together to protect ourselves and our allies from dangerous people. To help make the world a better place, teens and other individuals can raise awareness of the terrible things that go on in the Middle East and help raise awareness of the SEALS attempts in the Middle East to stop them.

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Citations for ISIS information:. Before the attacks, we deported less than half the amount of people that we do today and our surveillance state was a fraction of it current state. Our vigilance is necessary, though, because 4, total people have been killed by al-Qaeda terrorist attacks. We live in a big city and, if we see a bag lying on a bench, we know we must not touch it. We have safety drills at school from time to time.

And our parents think it is a good idea to use metal detectors and body scanners at airports or in theatres or in parks. In the centre of Moscow, we can see a plaque; there are always flowers below it. Sometimes we can hear sad news and our parents look serious. By Aidan S. ISIS claims responsibility for attacks in Jakarta, where seven victims were found dead and 24 more were injured.

The bombings in Jakarta were similar to the bombings in Paris, where three bombs were detonated at the entrances at a French football stadium during a match.

These bombs were in suicide vests worn by ISIS memb ers. They left dead and hundreds more injured. Central Paris was the next target. Several gun attacks on diners and restaurants ensued later.

Attack Strategies. Anonymous began as a g roup of internet trolls who turned into political activists. They're known for having no formal organization status, preferring to be a lose collective of like-minded people. They began on the website www.

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Anyone can join their group, which is why o nly a few of them have actual hacking skills. Teens should take time to learn about Anonymous's principles and actions because the group says it is trying to help people. While teens may not approve of their cyber-terrorism actions, talking about it will help them figure out how they want to make the world better.She joins Olga Oliker and Hugh Pope for a wide ranging conversation on the value of gender as a cross-cutting lens in the counter-terrorism field, touching on how extremist groups across the ideological spectrum exploit gender dynamics and norms in their recruitment strategies, the gendered impact of counter-terrorism measures and how well legislation at the national level is keeping up with these insights.

War and Peace is a new podcast series from the International Crisis Group. Olga Oliker and Hugh Pope interview experts about all things Europe and its neighbourhood, from Russia to Turkey and beyond. Their guests shed new light on everything that helps or hinders prospects for peace.

Sir John Sawers, former chief of the British secret service MI6 and Executive Chairman at Newbridge Advisory, joins Olga and Hugh for a dynamic conversation on the changing global balance of power and emerging threats that will shape multilateral diplomacy. Drawing on 40 years of international service, Sir John describes how Western interventionism has evolved since the early s, the implications of a rising China and declining U.

He also outlines a major concern: how will advances in the virtual sphere increasingly impact the physical world? The geopolitical landscape has transformed dramatically since NATO was established in As a transatlantic alliance that seeks to safeguard democratic values and the rule of law, how well has it adapted through the years and what should its priorities be going forward?

Who better to dive into these questions with than Rose Gottemoeller? She was previously the chief U. The prospect of a Biden administration brings new opportunities for European security and foreign policy, but many challenges remain.

Joining Olga and Hugh to discuss the evolution of U. The EU is tethered in some ways to U. Developing its internal strengths will be key to greater impact in the conflicts and crises unfolding within its sphere of influence.

A steady decline in the American-centred liberal world order has meanwhile made way for competing visions of the values and principles that underpin global politics. Where does this leave European hopes that a Biden administration will strengthen multilateralism? Click here to listen on Apple Podcasts or Spotify. By asserting its place in the virtual realms of real-time politics and competing narratives on disinformation, Russia has joined its Western counterparts in transforming the status quo of international relations.

And how has this political inertia shaped the lives of civilian populations divided by the line of separation? Fighting between government troops and Russian-backed separatists persists at a slow simmer, says Katharine, a result of the failure to achieve a lasting ceasefire at the front line. European leaders have met with both sides over the years to broker peace, but agreements have faltered in the face of unwillingness on either side to compromise on their respective narratives of the broader conflict.

A sense of urgency over securing a political solution has been lost with the advent of COVID, and it remains to be seen how long the current truce will hold.Since World War II the world has become much more peaceful with many structural improvements decreasing the likelihood of armed conflict between major powers.

However, while most indicators measuring violence have improved, the last decade has seen a historic decline in world peace. Terrorism is at an all-time high, battle deaths from conflict are at a 25 year high and the number of refugees and displaced people are at a level not seen in sixty years.

Terrorism -- A Threat to World Peace?

The spread of terrorism coincides with an increase in armed conflict. Deaths from terrorism have risen in tandem with battle deaths. From todeaths from terrorism increased 67 per cent, while battle deaths increased by 66 per cent.

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These trends are interlinked: terrorism and terrorist tactics are overwhelmingly more likely to occur as part of an ongoing military or paramilitary campaign within an existing armed conflict. Inthis correlation was very pronounced with 95 per cent of terrorist attacks occurring in countries embroiled in armed conflict. This reflects the increased likelihood that terrorism occurs due to the presence of armed conflict and that terrorist tactics are more likely to occur in an armed conflict zone.

Unsurprisingly, countries involved in armed conflict are more susceptible to terrorism. This is partly due to a weak state and the absence of enough mechanisms to resolve conflicts peacefully. Terrorism is also one of many tactics employed by insurgencies and paramilitaries in a civil conflict. Countries with the highest number of battle deaths such as Syria, Iraq, Afghanistan and Yemen also have very high levels of terrorism.

The recently released Global Terrorism Index found that the 20 countries most impacted by terrorism were all involved in an armed conflict. The factors driving the increase in terrorism are similar to the reasons behind an increase in both the number and duration of internal armed conflicts. Non-state actors, including terrorist groups, are able to acquire resources and can utilise online platforms to spread their message to a wider audience.

This has extended the length of more armed conflicts and has lessened the incentives to maintain local support as groups can seek resources externally. Furthermore, the spread of tactics between groups and between countries has effectively lowered the barriers to entry for conducting terrorism. The use of less sophisticated methods focusing on a variety of targets has spread across the world. Most notably this has seen an increased use of improvised explosive device IEDswhich was used as a terrorist tactic following the US-led invasion of Iraq.

The use of IEDs has since spread to other conflict zones including in Nigeria, Somalia and even in more peaceful societies such as with the May Manchester bombing in the United Kingdom. The use of modified drones highlights another tactic that has spread from the battlefield to non-conflict affected areas.

terrorism and world peace

As a result of this shift, terrorism has also increased in countries where there is no active armed conflict, including many OECD member countries in Europe and North America.

The number of attacks in non-conflict countries has increased in the last five years and inOECD member countries experienced the highest number of deaths from terrorism since There has been a 67 per cent increase in attacks and a nearly per cent increase in deaths from terrorism since But many of these deaths resulted from a small number of attacks that inflicted very high casualties.

However, terrorist attacks in OECD countries and other non-conflict-affected countries are not as deadly as attacks in conflict-affected countries which averaged 2. This compares to 1. There are numerous possible reasons for this variation in fatality rate.

Countries experiencing conflict generally have easier access to more military grade small arms and bomb making capabilities while countries not in conflict tend to be more developed and so can spend more on intelligence gathering, policing and counterterrorism.

Countries suffering from conflict also experience the most costly economic impacts from terrorism. InIraq once again had the largest economic impact of terrorism as a percentage of GDP, at 24 per cent. Afghanistan is the only other country where the economic impact of terrorism is higher than ten per cent of its GDP.

This disproportionate economic cost to terrorism, which is borne by less developed countries, highlights the importance of focusing on the attainment of positive, rather than negative peace or the absence of violence. Countries with improving levels of Positive Peace record higher per capita growth rates. This is due to the fact that countries with high levels of Positive Peace are more likely to maintain stability and recover from shocks so avoid the likelihood of conflict.

By investing in holistic and systemic improvements in the attitudes, institutions and structures that create peaceful societies, countries emerging from conflict can transition from a country that has contained violence to a country rich in Positive Peace.

This approach can be challenging to implement in underdeveloped countries where there are competing needs for government and business investment.Terrorismthe calculated use of violence to create a general climate of fear in a population and thereby to bring about a particular political objective.

Terrorism has been practiced by political organizations with both rightist and leftist objectives, by nationalistic and religious groups, by revolutionaries, and even by state institutions such as armies, intelligence services, and police.

Definitions of terrorism are usually complex and controversial, and, because of the inherent ferocity and violence of terrorism, the term in its popular usage has developed an intense stigma. It was first coined in the s to refer to the terror used during the French Revolution by the revolutionaries against their opponents.

The Jacobin party of Maximilien Robespierre carried out a Reign of Terror involving mass executions by the guillotine.

The global fight against terrorism

Although terrorism in this usage implies an act of violence by a state against its domestic enemies, since the 20th century the term has been applied most frequently to violence aimed, either directly or indirectly, at governments in an effort to influence policy or topple an existing regime.

Terrorism is not legally defined in all jurisdictions; the statutes that do exist, however, generally share some common elements. Terrorism involves the use or threat of violence and seeks to create fear, not just within the direct victims but among a wide audience.

The degree to which it relies on fear distinguishes terrorism from both conventional and guerrilla warfare. Although conventional military forces invariably engage in psychological warfare against the enemy, their principal means of victory is strength of arms.

Similarly, guerrilla forces, which often rely on acts of terror and other forms of propagandaaim at military victory and occasionally succeed e. Terrorism proper is thus the calculated use of violence to generate fear, and thereby to achieve political goals, when direct military victory is not possible. In order to attract and maintain the publicity necessary to generate widespread fear, terrorists must engage in increasingly dramatic, violent, and high-profile attacks.

These have included hijackingshostage takings, kidnappingsmass shootings, car bombings, and, frequently, suicide bombings. Although apparently random, the victims and locations of terrorist attacks often are carefully selected for their shock value.

Schools, shopping centres, bus and train stations, and restaurants and nightclubs have been targeted both because they attract large crowds and because they are places with which members of the civilian population are familiar and in which they feel at ease. Major targets sometimes also include buildings or other locations that are important economic or political symbols, such as embassies or military installations. The hope of the terrorist is that the sense of terror these acts engender will induce the population to pressure political leaders toward a specific political end.

Some definitions treat all acts of terrorism, regardless of their political motivations, as simple criminal activity. For example, the U. Since the 20th century, ideology and political opportunism have led a number of countries to engage in international terrorism, often under the guise of supporting movements of national liberation. These problems have led some social scientists to adopt a definition of terrorism based not on criminality but on the fact that the victims of terrorist violence are most often innocent civilians.While the COVID pandemic is first and foremost a health crisis, its implications are more far-reaching and could threaten global peace and security, the UN Secretary-General told members of the Security Council in a closed video-conference held on Thursday.

The UN chief outlined eight ways COVID could undermine global peace and security, beginning with a further erosion of trust in public institutions if people perceive that their authorities had mishandled response or were not transparent.

For daily news updates from UN News, click here. Stressing that "this is not a time for political opportunism", the Secretary-General also feared electoral processes could be affected as postponing or proceeding with votes could spark political tensions and undermine legitimacy.

This could lead to an escalation of violence and possibly devastating miscalculations, which could further entrench ongoing wars and complicate efforts to fight the pandemic", said Mr.

With most Governments focused on the pandemic, terrorist groups could see "a window of opportunity to strike", with the situation in the Sahel a particular concern.

Non-state groups could gain access to virulent strains that could pose similar devastation to societies around the globe. COVID has also hindered conflict resolution efforts, and many peace processes have stalled as countries respond.

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The pandemic also has triggered or worsened numerous human rights challenges. Refugees and internally displaced persons are particularly vulnerable. And there are growing manifestations of authoritarianism, including limits on the media, civic space and freedom of expression". The UN chief reminded Ambassadors of his recent appeal for an immediate global ceasefire during the pandemic.

Some warring parties have taken steps to lay down their arms, and UN representatives will continue their efforts on this front. As governments struggle to cope with the COVID pandemic, billions of people living in countries teetering on the brink of economic collapse are being threatened further by a looming debt crisis, according to a new UN report released on Thursday.

Skip to main content. Welcome to the United Nations. Toggle navigation Language:. Subscribe Audio Hub. Peace and Security. Wide-ranging threats outlined The UN chief outlined eight ways COVID could undermine global peace and security, beginning with a further erosion of trust in public institutions if people perceive that their authorities had mishandled response or were not transparent. Coronavirus-driven debt crisis threatens poor countries already at risk, says UN report 9 April

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